Mint of Antioch
Obverse legend, IMP CAES MANT GORDIANVS AVGAD 238-239
Many people have trouble identifying the issues from Antioch. I have discovered that experts also disagree. Some coins are definitely Rome, others are definitely Antioch. Some coins fall in between -- these are marked below with ****. When we look at the early issues below we do see certain common elements among Antioch issues. First both the obverse and reverse style is different from Rome. Also most of the coins have a much pronounced serif to certain letters. However for various reasons there is a continuum of styles from Rome to Antioch and there is room for disagreement as in the RIC 182 (corrected) below. I think the most contentious of the assessments would be the RIC 205 below which one authority has idenitified as Antioch. I lean towards Rome. However, most of these Antioch issues have a decidely Eastern appearance.
RIC 27 (170?) PMTRPIICOSIIPP, Jupiter std l., eagle at feet
RIC 172 does not show (a,b) in the text but it is clearly intended in comparison to other references in this section.
RSC 196a, RIC 172a PMTRPIICOSPP, Providence stg. l. The following is a die match to the above coin RIC 172a PMTRPIICOSPP, Providence stg. l. RSC 197a, S2446A, RIC 172b PMTRPIICOSPP, Providence stg. l.
RIC 172b PMTRPIICOSIIPP, Prodentia stg l., holding globe and scepter
RIC 174v PMTRPIICOSIIPP, Gordian riding l. on horseback (RIC says right) ****RIC 177 AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas stg. l. Another example: RIC 177 AEQVITAS AVG, Equity stg. l. RIC 178 CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia stg. l, sacrificing RIC 179 CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia (Providence?) stg l. holding globe and transverse scepter RIC 180 CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia std. l, holding patera RIC 180 CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia std. l, holding patera
RIC 180 CONCORDIA AVG, Concordia std l. holding globe and transverse scepter ****RSC 90, RIC 182 (corrected) FIDES MILITVM Fides holding standard and traverse sceptre
There is some debate over whether this is a Antioch or not. One expert thinks yes, another no. Note the similarity of the reverse style with RIC 172b. Also compare the reverse of this coin with the image of the Antioch coin found at http://www.imagescgb.com/images/monnaies/rome/r07/r07_0197.jpg. The reference in RIC is probably wrong since it doesn't mention the traverse sceptre. Yet I have now seen at least five examples of this coin and they all have the traverse sceptre. BTW, the world's leading expert on this coin thinks that the RIC reference was based on a coin at Vienna where the traverse sceptre is quite faint.
Here is another example about which there is no controversy: And two more recent (3.2.2002) examples: RIC 182 FIDES MILITVM, Fides stg. l. RIC 182 FIDES MILITVM, Fides stg. l.
RIC 183a FIDES MILITVM, Fides stg l. holding standard and cornucopia
RIC 183a FIDES MILITVM, Fides stg l. holding standard and cornucopia RSC 126, RIC 187 (Antioch) LIBERALITAS AVG, Liberty stg. l. Here is another example of the same type: RIC unlisted, PAX AVGVSTI, Pax stg l. holding branch and cornucopiae(!) RSC 174b, RIC 189a (Antioch) PAX AVGVSTI, Pax stg. half-l.
RIC 189a PAX AVGVSTI, Pax stg l. holding branch and transverse scepter RIC 189a PAX AVGVSTI, Pax stg. half-l. RIC 189a PAX AVGVSTI, Pax stg. l. RIC 189v IMPCAESMANTRDIANVSAVG (no GO), PAX AVGVSTI, Pax stg l. with branch and sceptre ****RIC 193 PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence stg l.
RIC 193 PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence stg l. holding globe and transverse scepter
RIC 197 PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence stg l. holding corn ears over altar RIC 197 PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia stg l., corn ears over modius RIC 199b PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providence stg. l., cornears over modius and anchor RIC 200 ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma std. l. RIC 200 ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma std. l. NB. obverse GORIANVS! RIC unlisted SALVSAVG, Salus std left with patera RSC 357, RIC 202 VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing left
RIC 202 VICTORIAAVG, Victoria flying left ****RIC 202 VICTORIA AVG, Victory adv. l.
RIC 202 VICTORIA AVG, Victoria flying left
RIC 205 VIRTVS AVG, Virtus stg l., right hand on shield Experts also disagree on the attribution of the following: ****RIC 205 VIRTVS AVG, Virtus stg l.
In 240-241, Antioch was supposedly occupied by the Parthians and there is a break in the mint production. I say supposedly because an expert on the Parthians told me he was unaware of this occupation. Therefore I would appreciate hearing from anyone on this with documentation.
Obverse legend, IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVGAD 242-244 RSC 264, RIC 206a PMTRPVCOSIIPP, Hercules advancing right Another example RIC 206a PMTRPVCOSIIPP, Hercules adv. r. RIC 206b(corrected) PMTRPVCOSIIPP, Hercules advancing right Gordian is seen here cuirassed from the back -- RIC doesn't have such an obverse in the text, but the plate coin is such as this And a better example with a nice reverse: RIC 206b (corrected) PMTRPVCOSIIPP AVG, Hercules adv. r. RSC 092, RIC 209 FIDES MILITVM, Fides stg. l., holding two standards RIC 209 FIDES MILITVM, Fides stg l., holding two standards RSC 098a, RIC 210 FORTVNA REDVX, Fortuna std. l., no wheel under seat RSC 162a, S2443, RIC 212 MARTI PACIFERO, Mars walking l., holding branch, reversed spear and shield RSC 167, S2444, RIC 213 ORIENS AVG, Sol stg. l. RIC 214a PAX AVGVSTI, Pax running left RSC 179, S2445, RIC 214b PAX AVGVSTI, Pax running left RSC 319, S2460, RIC 216 SAECVLI FELICITAS, Gordian, laurel stg. r., holding transverse spear and globe RIC 217 VICTORIA AVG, Victory running right RSC 375, RIC 218 VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory running right RIC 218 VICTORIA AVGVSTI, Victory advancing right
RIC 219 VICTORIA GORDIANI AVG, Victoria advancing right
RIC 229 VIRTVS AVG, Virtus stg l., right hand on shield